Journals Books 2687-5527
Latest Issue Archive Future Issues About Us
Conference Proceedings

SETSCI - Volume 1 (2017)
ISMSIT2017 - International Symposium on Multidisciplinary Studies and Innovative Technologies, Tokat, Turkey, Dec 02, 2017

A Biotechnological Application to Improve the Effluent Quality of Wastewater Treatment Plant
Murat Topal1*, E. Işıl Arslan Topal2, Erdal Öbek3
1Munzur University, Tunceli, Turkey
2Fırat University, Elazığ, Turkey
3Fırat University, Elazığ, Turkey
* Corresponding author:
Published Date: 2017-12-08   |   Page (s): 243-245   |    569     6

ABSTRACT The aim of this study is to improve the quality of the effluent of Elazığ Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant with the technique of phytoremediation used in a biotechnological application. For this purpose, a reactor design which the effluent of Elazığ Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant fed was realized. In the design of the reactor, the size of the final settling basin of the treatment plant was taken as basis. The size of the reactor was about 41 cm in diameter and 3 cm in water height. After the reactor was built, the reactor was placed at the point where the final settling basin effluent of Elazığ Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant was discharged. Lemna gibba L. plant that used in the study was collected from natural environment from Elazığ region. Lemna gibba L. plant collected from the natural environment was placed in such a way as to cover the surface of the reactor we had designed and work started. Concentrations of SS, BOD5, COD, O-PO4-3 and NH4+-N, which are the effluent parameters of the wastewater treatment plant, were determined. At the exit of the planted reactor where the treatment plant effluent was fed, it was seen that there was a decrease in the concentrations of the said parameters. As a result, it was determined that the phytoremediation technique we applied improved the quality of the effluent from the treatment plant.  
KEYWORDS Treatment, phytoremediation, reactor, Lemna gibba L.
REFERENCES [1] M. Li, Y.J. Wu, Z.L. Yu, G.P. Sheng, H.Q. Yu, “Nitrogen removal from eutrophic water by floating-bed-grown water spinach (Ipomoea aquatic Forsk.) with ion implantation”, Water Res. 41, 3152-3158, 2007.

[2] S. Yavari, A. Malakahmad, N.B. Sapari, S. Yavari, E. Khan, “Nutrient balancing for phytoremediation enhancement of urea manufacturing raw wastewater”, Journal of Environmental Management, 202, 225-231, 2017.

[3] S. Rezania, M. Ponraj, A. Talaiekhozani, S. E. Mohamad, M. F. Md Din, S. M. Taib, F. Sabbagh, F. Md Sairan, “Perspectives of phytoremediation using water hyacinth for removal of heavy metals, organic and inorganic pollutants in wastewater”, Journal of Environmental Management, 163, 125-133, 2015.

[4] G. Tchobanoglous and F.L. Burton, “Wastewater Engineering Treatment, Disposal, and Reuse”, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1334p. 1991.

[5] J.M. Dalu and J. Ndamba, “Duckweed based wastewater stabilization ponds for waste water treatment (a low cost technology for small urban areas in Zimbabwe)”, Physics and Chemicstry of the Earth, Vol. 28, 1147-1160, 2003.

[6] M. Topal, B. Karagözoğlu, E. Öbek, E.I. Arslan Topal, “Bazı Su Mercimeklerinin Nutrient Gideriminde Kullanımı”, Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Dergisi, MAKUFEBED, 4, 12-28, 2011.

[7] APHA, AWWA, WPCF, “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater”, 17th ed. Washington DC, American, 1989.

[8] SKKY, (Su Kirliliği Kontrolü Yönetmeliği) 31.12.2004 Tarih ve 25687 Sayılı Resmi Gazete, 2004.

SET Technology - Turkey

eISSN  : 2687-5527    

E-mail :
+90 533 2245325

Tokat Technology Development Zone Gaziosmanpaşa University Taşlıçiftlik Campus, 60240 TOKAT-TURKEY
©2018 SET Technology