Journals Books 2687-5527
Latest Issue Archive Future Issues About Us
Conference Proceedings

SETSCI - Volume 4 (6) (2019)
ISAS WINTER-2019 (ENS) - 4th International Symposium on Innovative Approaches in Engineering and Natural Sciences, Samsun, Turkey, Nov 22, 2019

The Effects of Forest Roads On Sediment Transport
Erhan Çalışkan1*
1Karadeniz Technical University, Trabzon, Turkey
* Corresponding author:
Published Date: 2019-12-22   |   Page (s): 77-79   |    245     3

ABSTRACT Sediment can be composed of all road elements. On soil roads, road surface erosion is generally the predominant source of sediment. The multifaceted impact of forest road construction on the environment is always a serious issue in terms of watershed management. Water quality of surface erosion caused by road construction and neglect, flow regime of streams, floods, formation of marshes, reduction of soil fertility and similar negative effects cause great economic losses and degradation of the landscape. The fact that the road routes travel along the valley floor or slope or pass through the ridges affects the sediment transport. The aim of this study was to investigate the road erosion and sediment models and the factors affecting them.
KEYWORDS Forest road,sediment,transport,model
REFERENCES Anderson, D.M., MacDonald, L.H., 1998. Modelling road surface sediment production using a vector geographic information system. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms 23 (2), 95–107.
Baihua, F., Lachlan, T.H.N., Ramos -Scharron, C.E. 2010. A review surface erosion ad sediment delivery models for unsealed roads, Environmental Modelling & Software 25, 1-14
Croke, J., Hairsine, P., Fogarty, P., 1999. Sediment transport, redistribution and storage on logged forest hillslopes in south-eastern Australia. Hydrological Processes 13 (17), 2705–2720.
Forsyth, A.R., Bubb, K.A., Cox, M.E., 2006. Runoff, sediment loss and water quality from forest roads in a southeast Queensland coastal plain Pinus plantation. Forest Ecology and Management 221 (1–3), 194–206.
Görcelioğlu, E..Orman yolları-erozyon ilişkisi. Ġ.Ü. Orman Fakültesi Yayınları No: 4460/476, 184 s., İstanbul, (2004).
Grayson, R.B., Haydon, S.R., Jayasuriya, M.D.A., Finlayson, B.L., 1993. Water quality inmountain ash forests – separating the impacts of roads from those of logging operations. Journal of Hydrology 150 (2–4), 459–480.
Elliot, W.E., R.B. Foltz, and P.R. Robichaud. 2009. Recent findings related to measuring and modeling forest road erosion. In Anderssen, R.S.; Braddock, R.D.; Newham, L.T.H., eds. Proceedings of the 18th World IMACS / MODSIM Congress, Cairns, Australia, 13-17 July 2009. International Congress on Modelling and Simulation. Interfacing Modelling and Simulation with Mathematical and Computational Sciences
Luce, C. H. and T. A. Black. 1999. Sediment production from forest roads in western Oregon. Water Resources Research 35(8): 2561-2570.
Megahan, W.F. 1980. Nonpoint Source Pollution from Forestry Activities in the Western United States: Results of Recent Research and Research Needs. In U.S. Forestry and Water Quality: What Course in the 80s? Proceedings of the Water Pollution Control Federation Seminar, Richmond, VA, June 19, 1980, pp. 92-151.
Jones, J. A., F. J. Swanson, B. C. Wemple, and K. U. Snyder, (2000), Effects of Roads on Hydrology, Geomorphology, and Disturbances Patches in Stream Networks, Conservation Biology, 14(1): 76-85
Ramos-Scharro´ n, C.E., MacDonald, L.H., 2007b. Measurement and prediction of natural and anthropogenic sediment sources, St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands. CATENA 71, 250–266.
Ramos-Scharro´ n, C.E., MacDonald, L.H., 2007c. Runoff and suspended sediment yields from an unpaved road segment, St. John, US Virgin Islands. Hydrological Processes 21 (1), 35–50.
Ryan, T., Phıllıps, H., Ramsay, J., and Dempsey, J., (2004), Forest Road Manual, Guidelines fort he Design, Construction and Management of Forest Roads, ISBN: 1-902696-32-8, COFORD, Dublin.
Swift, L.W., Jr. 1984. Gravel and grass surfacing reduces soil loss from mountain roads. Forest Sci. 30(3): 657‐670.

SET Technology - Turkey

eISSN  : 2687-5527    

E-mail :
+90 533 2245325

Tokat Technology Development Zone Gaziosmanpaşa University Taşlıçiftlik Campus, 60240 TOKAT-TURKEY
©2018 SET Technology